The US Census Bureau defines 4 statistical regions, with 9 divisions.
– New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont)
– Mid-Atlantic (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania)
– East North Central (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin)
– West North Central (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota)
– South Atlantic (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, District of Columbia, and West Virginia)
– East South Central (Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee)
– West South Central (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas)
– Mountain (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming)
– Pacific (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington)
The map below shows how Americans see the US divided into 5 regions. It shows the average of a total 612 responses to the question: “If you had to divide the 50 US states into exactly 5 general regions, what would they be?”
Cultural and geographical Regions of the United States
United States East-West division of the 48 contiguous states (Four methods)
United States North-South division of the 48 contiguous states (Four methods)
Map of the seven infrastructure mega-regions in the United States
The Great Northeast
Boston thrives but much of New England suffers. Better transportation and affordable housing will lift surrounding towns.
The Southeast Manufacturing Belt
It’s is America’s second manufacturing hub but remains plagued by poor roads. Tennessee alone needs $40 billion in infrastructure by 2017. Rather than cooperate, states like Georgia and South Carolina compete for jobs and investment.
Louisiana is the region’s linchpin, and yet budget cuts and the aftermath of Katrina have left it unable to keep up with Texas and Florida. Regionwide efforts to boost the state’s roads and other infrastructure would help the entire Gulf Coast.
The Great Plains
The breadbasket of America, but too little of the food is consumed by the region’s people and businesses. Regionwide research into agricultural systems and production is needed to meet further food demand and strengthen the economy. And better connections are needed between rural states like South Dakota and export hubs to Asia.
Home to three thriving urban archipelagos: The Cascadia corridor, Silicon Valley and Greater Los Angeles. The California High Speed Rail Authority aims to partly link this spine, but more can be done to join the three areas’ high-tech sectors.
Boise has seen steady growth in agriculture and alternative energy, and even investment interest from China as an assembly and logistics hub for its exports. Stronger rail connections across the region would bring more technology to help diversify its economy.