The most famous map projections are the Mercator. The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator (1569). The Mercator projection distorts the size of objects as the latitude increases from the Equator to the poles.
World Mercator projection with the country going to true size
Area accurate Peters Projection Map overlaid with common Mercator Projection Map
Benjamin has created one of the most unusual map projection which has been optimized to show the track of the route of the Beagle during Charles Darwin’s famous voyage (1831 – 1836).
The Euler Spiral Map Projection is curving globe onto a flat spiral. The more spirals used in a Euler spiral map projection the less distortion there is.