A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign states legitimate government but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another foreign country.
Founded in 1917. The Belarusian democratic republic was overthrown in 1920. Unable to return after 1991, it is currently based in Toronto.
After the pro-Russian government fled Ukraine in 2014, members set up a committee in Moscow advocating for new elections.
The Syrian interim government, founded in opposition to the Assad regime, has operated from Istanbul since 2012.
The Persian Qajar dynasty ousted in 1925, sought refuge in Dallas. Their successors, the Pahlavis, were in turn ousted during the 1979 revolution and is currently based in Potomac, Maryland.
Technically legal but persecuted by the sitting dictatorship, the progress party of equatorial guinea claims election victory but operates from Madrid for its own safety.
The Selassie dynasty, ousted by communists in 1974, has claimed the throne of Ethiopia from Washington DC since 1993.
In 2004, the East Turkestan independence movement proclaimed a government in exile in Washington DC.
The Seoul government maintains official positions for the five northern provinces lost in 1949.
Initially allowed symbolic roles under Chinese rule, the Tibetan government was forced to flee after a 1959 uprising and has since operated from Dharamsala, India.
The national people’s congress in Beijing still includes a delegation from Taiwan province.
Deposed by communist rebels in 1975, the Royal Lao government was proclaimed in Gresham, Oregon in 2003.
Defeated in 1963, South Moluccas secessionists relocated to the Netherlands and operate a government in exile.
After their defeat in 2001, the Taliban relocated and continue to orchestrate the insurgency from Quetta, Pakistan.