More than one billion people (14% of the global population) – did not have access to electricity. Around 84% of those without electricity access reside in rural areas and more than 95% of those living without electricity are in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
Between 1990 and 2010, 1.7 billion people gained access to electricity, while the global population expanded by 1.6 billion. Most of the incremental electrification occurred in urban areas. Regionally, Sub-Saharan Africa was an exception. There, growth in the electrified population was slower than the growth in population.
Given current conditions, universal electricity access will not be met by 2030 unless urgent measures are taken. While nearly one billion people in Sub Saharan Africa alone may gain electricity access by 2040, due to population growth, an estimated 530 million people in the region will not have electricity access.