On August 6, 1945, the Japanese city of Hiroshima suffered the hitherto unknown devastation of a nuclear attack. On the orders of US President Harry Truman, a uranium bomb codenamed Little Boy was dropped at 8.15am. The US expected Japan to immediately capitulate, but the Japanese High Command mistakenly assumed the US only had one such bomb. At 11.02am on August 9, the spectacle of nuclear annihilation was repeated in Nagasaki with the dropping of Fat Man, a plutonium bomb. Five days later the Japanese surrendered unconditionally to Allied forces. With this, the second world war came to a close. Seventy years after the attacks, which killed a total of of200,000 people in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the world is still not free from the threat of nuclear destruction, with nine countries possessing 19,000 nuclear weapons.
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