ereford Mappa Mundi overlaid with modern country borders (circa 1285)
A Mappa Mundi is any medieval European map of the world. Such maps range in size and complexity from simple schematic maps 25 millimeters (1 inch) or less across to elaborate wall maps, the largest of which was 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) in diameter. The term derives from the Medieval Latin words Mappa (cloth or chart) and Mundi (of the world).
Approximately 1,100 Mappa Mundi are known to have survived from the Middle Ages. Of these some 900 are found illustrating manuscripts and the remainder exists as stand-alone documents.
The Hereford Mappa Mundi (1300)
– Interactive Pangea map with international borders