Percentage of state population that is black (1900 – 2016)

Where black Americans live now has been shaped by where black Americans lived 116 years ago.

Almost 58% of African Americans lived in metropolitan areas in 2000. With over 2 million black residents, New York City had the largest black urban population in the United States in 2000, overall the city has a 28% black population. Chicago has the second largest black population, with almost 1.6 million African Americans in its metropolitan area, representing about 18 percent of the total metropolitan population.

The ten states where 60 percent of Blacks resided were: New York, California, Texas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina, Maryland, Michigan, and Louisiana. Five of these states had more than 2 million African American each: New York, California, Texas, Florida and Georgia. New York was the state with the largest number of African Americans (3,014,385). In New York City lived about 2.3 million blacks.

After 100 years of African-Americans leaving the south in large numbers seeking better opportunities in the west and north, a movement known as the Great Migration, there is now a reverse trend, called the New Great Migration. A growing percentage of African-Americans from the west and north are migrating to the southern region of the U.S. for economic and cultural reasons. New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles have the highest decline in African Americans, while Atlanta, Dallas, and Houston have the highest increase respectively.

Among cities of 100,000 or more, Detroit, Michigan had the highest percentage of black residents of any U.S. city in 2010, with 82%. Other large cities with African-American majorities include Jackson, Mississippi (79.4%), Miami Gardens, Florida (76.3%), Baltimore, Maryland (63%), Birmingham, Alabama (62.5%), Memphis, Tennessee (61%), New Orleans, Louisiana (60%), Montgomery, Alabama (56.6%), Flint, Michigan (56.6%), Savannah, Georgia (55.0%), Augusta, Georgia (54.7%), Atlanta, Georgia (54%, see African Americans in Atlanta), Cleveland, Ohio (53.3%), Newark, New Jersey (52.35%), Washington, D.C. (50.7%), Richmond, Virginia (50.6%), Mobile, Alabama (50.6%), Baton Rouge, Louisiana (50.4%), and Shreveport, Louisiana (50.4%).

Seatack, Virginia is currently the oldest African-American community in the U.S.

Data &


U.S. counteies wher African Americans form at least Two-Thirds of the population
Counteies wher African Americans form at least 2/3 of the population
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Counties with more than 25% African American on population, 2016
Counties with more than 25% Black on population, 2016


Counties with more than 20% African American on population, 2016
Counties with more than 20% Black on population, 2016
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African Americans by U.S. state over 100 years
African Americans as percent of U.S. state


African American population percentage by U.S. county
Black Americans


Counties of the U.S. with fewer than 25 Black

Related posts:
U.S. African American population, percent increase by county
U.S. African American Population under 5 years of age Percent Change by County (2010 – 2014)
Leading group by U.S. county
Leading minority group by U.S. county

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