The cheetah is a big cat of the subfamily Felinae that occurs in Southern, North and East Africa and a few localities in Iran. The species is IUCN Red Listed as vulnerable, as it suffered a substantial decline in its historic range in the 20th century due to habitat loss, poaching, illegal pet trade, and conflict with humans. By 2016, the global cheetah population has been estimated at approximately 7,100 individuals in the wild.
Cheetah subspecies breakdown:
Asiatic cheetah ~ 60-100
North African cheetah ~ 250
Central African cheetah ~ 2,000
East African cheetah ~ 2,500
Southern African cheetah ~ 5,000 – 6,500
Lighter colors denote historic range (pre-1900) and darker colors current range.