The Western Schism (1378 – 1417)

The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which 3 men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope. Driven by politics rather than any theological disagreement, the schism was ended by the Council of Constance (1414 – 1418). For a time these rival claims to the papal throne damaged the reputation of the office.

The Western Schism

The map above shows support for Avignon (red) and Rome (blue) during the Western Schism; this breakdown is accurate until the Council of Pisa (1409).

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