A self-inflicted wound is the act of harming oneself where there are no underlying psychological problems related to the self-injury, but where the injurer wanted to take advantage of being injured.
Most self-inflicted wounds occur during wartime, for various possible reasons.Potential draftees may self-injure in order to avoid being drafted for health reasons. This was practised as Abstinence by some Jewish conscripts in the Russian Empire.
The most common reason enlisted soldiers self-wound is to render themselves unable to continue serving in combat, thus resulting in their removal from the combat line to a hospital. Thus, self-injury can be used to avoid a more serious combat injury or a combat death.In prisons and forced labour camps, people sometimes self-injure so that they will not be forced to work and could spend some time in the more comfortable conditions of the infirmary barracks.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one’s own death. Risk factors include mental disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, alcoholism, or substance misuse. Others are impulsive acts due to stress such as from financial difficulties, troubles with relationships, or from bullying.Those who have previously attempted suicide are at higher risk for future attempts.
The most commonly used method of suicide varies between countries and is partly related to the availability of effective means.Common methods include hanging, pesticide poisoning, and firearms.