The Rise & Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate

In the 740s, a revolution again the Umayyad Caliphs resulted in third Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate. Despite Islamic culture reaching its zenith under their rule, the empire would gradually break up and was reduced to an area around Baghdad by the 11th century, before being conquered by Mongke Khan’s Mongol hoards in 1258. Their rule was partially resurrected under the Mamluks of Cairo shortly after until 1517, however.

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