A dwelling is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or more households as a home, such as a house, apartment, mobile home, houseboat or other ‘substantial’ structure. A dwelling typically includes nearby outbuildings, sheds etc. within the curtilage of the property, excluding any ‘open fields beyond’. It has significance in relation to search and seizure, conveyancing of real property, burglary, trespass, and land use planning.
A household consists of one or more people who live in the same dwelling and also share at meals or living accommodation, and may consist of a single family or some other grouping of people.A single dwelling will be considered to contain multiple households if either meals or living space are not shared. The household is the basic unit of analysis in many social, microeconomic and government models, and is important to the fields of economics and inheritance.
Household models include the family, varieties of blended families, share housing, group homes, boarding houses, houses in multiple occupation , and a single room occupancy . In feudal times, the royal Household and medieval households of the wealthy would also have included servants and other retainers.
Household models in anglophone culture include the family and varieties of blended families, share housing, and group homes for people with support needs. Other models of living situations which may meet definitions of a household include boarding houses, a house in multiple occupation , and a single room occupancy.