Where the world’s 45,8 million slaves live?

The 2016 Global Slavery Index estimates there are 45.8 million people subject to some form of modern slavery in the world today.

58 % of those living in slavery are in 5 countries: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Uzbekistan.

The countries with the highest proportion of their population in modern slavery are: North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, India, Qatar, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, Somalia, Libya, Central African, Republic Mauritania, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Myanmar, Bangladesh.

This year, the country with the highest estimated percentage of its population in modern slavery is North Korea.

Estimated percent of population in modern slavery (2016)

Estimated number in modern slavery (2016)


 

Different countries use different terminology to describe modern forms of slavery, including the term slavery itself, but also other concepts such as human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, and the sale and exploitation of children.

While definitions vary, in this report, modern slavery refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot  refuse  or  leave  because  of  threats,  violence,  coercion,  abuse  of  power  or  deception,  with treatment akin to a farm animal. For example, their passport might be taken away if they are in a foreign country, they may experience or be threatened with violence or their family might be threatened.

Modern  slavery  is  a  hidden  crime  that  affects  every  country  in  the  world.  In  2015–2016,  modern  slavery was found in many industries including the Thai fishing, Uzbek and Turkmenistan cotton, and the Qatari construction industries. It was identified in the domestic households of diplomats, in Islamic State (IS)  controlled areas, and in areas that have experienced natural disasters, such as Nepal, and environmental destruction, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It impacts on all of us, from the food we consume and the goods we purchase.

Nearly every country in the world has committed to eradicate modern slavery through their national legislation and policies. Governments have a central role to play by enacting legislation, providing safety nets to their populations, and pursuing criminals who participate in this heinous crime. Governments need the support and engagement of civil society, the private sector and the community.

Measuring the number of people in modern slavery is a difficult undertaking due to the hidden nature of this crime and low levels of victim identification. Since 2014, we have conducted 25 surveys with the Gallup  through their World Poll, interviewing over 28,000 respondents in 52 languages. This year we also conducted state-level surveys in India. When these are included, we have interviewed over 42,000 respondents in 53 different languages. The prevalence estimates in the Index are based on data from these surveys, the results of which have been extrapolated to countries with an equivalent risk profile.

 

CountryEstimated percent of
population in modern slavery
Estimated number
in modern slavery
Population
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of4.373110000025155000
Uzbekistan3.973123660031125000
Cambodia1.64825680015578000
India1.403183547001311051000
Qatar1.356303002235000
Afghanistan1.1336760032527000
Central African Republic1.13554004900000
Democratic Republic of the Congo1.1387310077267000
Iraq1.1340380035730000
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya1.13709006278000
Pakistan1.132134900188925000
Somalia1.1312190010787000
South Sudan1.1313940012340000
Sudan1.1345470040235000
Syrian Arab Republic1.1325730022769000
Yemen1.1330320026832000
Mauritania1.058430004068000
Dominican Republic0.99510480010528000
Haiti0.99510660010711000
Burma0.95651510053897000
Bangladesh0.9511531300160996000
Gambia0.878175001991000
Guatemala0.84513810016343000
Nepal0.82323460028514000
Brunei Darussalam0.8053400423000
Tunisia0.7668500011102000
Russia0.7321048500143335000
Eritrea0.674353005228000
Lesotho0.674144002135000
Madagascar0.67416340024235000
Malawi0.67411610017215000
Namibia0.674166002459000
Sierra Leone0.674435006453000
Swaziland0.67487001287000
Zambia0.67410930016212000
Colombia0.63930820048229000
Jordan0.639429006718000
Macedonia0.639133002078000
Morocco0.63921970034378000
Peru0.63920050031377000
Venezuela0.63919880031108000
Angola0.63815970025022000
Burkina Faso0.63811560018106000
Burundi0.6387140011179000
Chad0.6388960014037000
Congo0.638295004620000
Cote d’Ivoire0.63814490022702000
Guinea0.6388050012609000
Liberia0.638287004503000
Niger0.63812700019899000
Rwanda0.6387410011610000
Tajikistan0.638541008482000
Togo0.638466007305000
United Republic of Tanzania0.63834140053470000
Zimbabwe0.6389960015603000
Algeria0.62624830039667000
Cameroon0.62614610023344000
Egypt0.62657290091508000
Iran (Islamic Republic of)0.62649530079109000
Lebanon0.626287004591000
Mali0.62611020017600000
Thailand0.62642550067959000
Turkey0.62648030076721000
Uganda0.62624440039032000
Guinea-Bissau0.62114001844000
Guyana0.624800767000
Papua New Guinea0.62472007619000
Botswana0.52118002262000
Djibouti0.524600888000
Mozambique0.5214560027978000
Senegal0.527870015129000
Nigeria0.481875500182202000
Poland0.47618110038025000
Armenia0.467141003018000
Azerbaijan0.467450009635000
Bahrain0.46764001377000
Belarus0.467446009550000
Bosnia and Herzegovina0.467178003810000
Georgia0.467209004487000
Kazakhstan0.4678160017488000
Kuwait0.467182003892000
Kyrgyzstan0.467277005934000
Ukraine0.46721040045064000
Cape Verde0.4532400521000
South Africa0.45324870054954000
Suriname0.4532500543000
Trinidad and Tobago0.45362001360000
Bolivia0.4374690010725000
Malaysia0.42512880030331000
Ethiopia0.41441160099391000
Kenya0.4118880046050000
Argentina0.40417550043417000
Bulgaria0.404290007176000
Costa Rica0.404194004808000
Croatia0.404171004225000
Cyprus0.40447001165000
Czech Republic0.4044260010549000
Ecuador0.4046530016144000
Estonia0.40453001310000
Greece0.4044420010942000
Hong Kong0.404295007287000
Korea, Republic of0.40420490050672000
Latvia0.40480001979000
Lithuania0.404118002920000
Montenegro0.4042500622000
Nicaragua0.404246006082000
Panama0.404159003929000
Paraguay0.404268006639000
Romania0.4048020019849000
Serbia0.404287007087000
United Arab Emirates0.404370009157000
Philippines0.398401000100699000
Ghana0.37710330027410000
Cuba0.3323780011390000
Mexico0.297376800127017000
Albania0.29586002906000
Benin0.2953210010880000
El Salvador0.295181006127000
Equatorial Guinea0.2952500845000
Gabon0.29551001725000
Honduras0.295238008075000
Kosovo0.29554001845000
Lao People’s Democratic Republic0.295200006802000
Mongolia0.29587002959000
Oman0.295132004491000
Republic of Moldova0.295104003538000
Turkmenistan0.295158005374000
Saudi Arabia0.2929210031540000
Indonesia0.286736100257564000
Timor-Leste0.28635001235000
China0.24733884001371738000
Hungary0.228225009836000
Japan0.228290200127046000
Slovakia0.228124005426000
Slovenia0.22847002066000
Taiwan0.2285360023476640
Uruguay0.22878003432000
Sri Lanka0.2214590020781000
Barbados0.212600284000
Jamaica0.21258002734000
Italy0.21112960061373000
Mauritius0.16521001265000
Singapore0.16592005563000
Chile0.1542770017948000
Viet Nam0.15213930091519000
Israel0.14116008343000
Finland0.12367005485000
Iceland0.123400331000
Portugal0.1231280010384000
Netherlands0.1041750016896000
Brazil0.078161100207848000
Australia0.018430023772000
Austria0.01815008566000
Belgium0.018200011268000
Canada0.018650035871000
Denmark0.01810005660000
France0.0181200066389000
Germany0.0181450080738000
Ireland0.0188004659000
Luxembourg0.018100562000
New Zealand0.0188004552000
Norway0.0189005188000
Spain0.018840046513000
Sweden0.01818009754000
Switzerland0.01815008267000
United Kingdom0.0181170064856000
United States0.01857700320821000

Source: www.vividmaps.com & www.globalslaveryindex.org

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