Quest for empire began about 1438 under the indomitable Pachacuti, first Inca emperor. His son Тира Inca continued expansion and became one of history’s farthest-ranging conquerors; he set the empire’s southern limits on the Maule River in Chile. Pachacuti’s grandson Huayna Сарае thrust north into Colombia, staking boundary markers on the Angastnayo River. He then settled in Quito, making that city the northern capital of an empire which spanned 2,500 miles—similar to the extent of the Roman Empire that, sprawled from present-day Great Britain to Iran. But plague, civil war, and European invasion doomed the Incas at the height of their power. In 1532, Francisco Pizarro captured the Inca Atahuallpa; this act shattered the empire, although conflict continued for 40 years.
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