The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (population density – 510 per km2).
Between 1900 and 1950 the population doubled from 5 to 10 million people. From 1951 to 2000 the population increased from 10 to 16 million people. The current population of the Netherlands is 17.2 million. 91.8 percent of the population is urban.